Is Delta THC Legal in Ohio?

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What is Delta THC?

Delta THC refers to a group of naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant as well as other compounds synthesized from those compounds. Delta-9 THC is the most abundant form of THC in the cannabis plant and is the chemical compound associated with the "high" produced by marijuana. Delta THC works by binding itself to the cannabinoid receptors in the body, which are in the brain and nervous system. It can be used recreationally or medicinally in smokable, oral, topical, and sublingual forms. Other common isomers sold as THC products include THC-O, THC-P, THCV, HHC, THCh, THCjd, and HHC-O.

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THC vs CBD

THC and CBD are two common cannabinoid compounds in the cannabis plant. As hemp and marijuana are from the Cannabis sativa family, both plants contain THC and CBD. In marijuana plants, THC concentrations are high while the CBD levels low. Per the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp plants may not contain more than 0.3% THC. However, hemp plants are rich in CBD. Because THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the intoxicating effects of cannabis, marijuana users usually feel a "high". However, hemp does not intoxicate consumers. Although both THC and CBD have similar molecular structures and have the same atoms, the differences in the arrangement of these atoms account for their varying effects on the body.

CBD offers various medicinal benefits and has been found to:

  • Mediate antiepileptic effects
  • Mediate pain signaling and inflammation
  • Relieve neuropathic pain and produce an antidepressant effect
  • Decrease psychotic symptoms
  • Reduce anxiety symptoms

Also, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the CBD-based drug - Epidiolex for treating rare and severe forms of epilepsy. Medicinally, THC is used to treat medical conditions such as nausea, insomnia, glaucoma, chronic pain, and muscle spasticity. THC is often used for medicinal purposes by qualified medical marijuana patients.

Unlike THC, CBD is not typically used as a recreational drug. Side effects of THC include: 

  • Mood changes
  • Impaired memory
  • Trouble with body movement
  • Alteration of the senses
  • Alteration of time perception
  • Difficulty thinking or solving a problem
  • Psychosis
  • Delusions or hallucinations

CBD also has other uses besides its medicinal benefits, such as its use in the production of cosmetic products for the treatment of eczema and psoriasis. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, CBD is used in making topical products to treat disorders related to inflammation and itching.

Most marijuana drug tests are geared towards detecting THC use. These tests may require blood, urine, saliva, or hair samples to detect THC or any of its metabolites. While these tests typically do not screen for CBD, many CBD products contain trace quantities of THC that may show up on drug tests.

What is Delta-8 THC?

Delta-8 THC is a THC isomer that can also be synthesized from CBD extracted from industrial hemp plants. The "Delta-8" refers to the position of a carbon atom in the molecular structure of the THC. Note that Delta-8 THC occurs naturally in marijuana and hemp plants. However, neither plants contain Delta-8 THC in significant amounts. Hence, manufacturers tend to convert CBD or Delta-9 THC into Delta-8 through chemical synthesis. This process usually involves the use of solvents, heat, catalysts, and altered pH environments.

Delta-8 has produced similar therapeutic effects to Delta-9 THC in users and offers anti-nausea, pain management, and appetite stimulation benefits. According to the National Cancer Institute, Delta-8 THC is a THC isomer with potential anxiolytic, antiemetic, and neuroprotective benefits. Delta-8 THC produces a milder intoxicating effect than Delta-9 THC and will require a large dose to cause intoxication in the user. Delta-8 THC can show up in a drug test up to 30 days after the last use.

Is Delta-8 THC Legal in Ohio?

With most Delta-8 THC products originating from the hemp plant, they are legal in Ohio, provided they do not contain more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. However, any Delta-8 THC product derived from marijuana may not be sold in the state. You can cross state lines to Ohio with Delta-8 THC products that comply with the 2018 Farm Bill without fear of penalty or prosecution. However, proof of purchase and the Certificate of Analysis of the THC product may be required when crossing state lines with Delta-8 THC products into Ohio. 

Delta-8 THC products are available from online and retail stores operating in Ohio. You can also find Delta-8 THC products in vape stores, tobacco shops, head shops, gas stations, and other convenience stores.

What is Delta-9 THC?

Delta-9 THC is a naturally occurring THC isomer in the cannabis plant. It is the most common THC isomer and is responsible for the euphoric effects felt by cannabis consumers. Delta-9 THC is present in limited quantities in hemp and in large amounts in marijuana. Medical marijuana patients use it to treat medical conditions such as HIV, AIDS, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and lupus.

While the psychotropic effects of Delta-9 THC are only present for a few hours, the metabolites of the cannabinoid may remain in the system for several weeks after use. Delta-9 THC can be detected by blood tests for up to 12 hours, urine tests for up to 3 days, saliva tests for up to 72 hours, and hair tests for up to 90 days after use. However, note that these detection window periods vary depending on the quantity of Delta-9 THC taken, the metabolism of the consumer's body, the frequency of use, and the user's body mass index.

Is Delta-9 THC Legal in Ohio?

Delta-9 THC, typically obtained from the marijuana plant, is illegal in Ohio. However, the state approved medical marijuana in 2014 for registered patients. Patients registered under the Ohio medical marijuana program can purchase and use Delta-9 THC products within certain limits. According to HB 523, qualified patients may possess Delta-9 THC products within the following limits:

 Daily:

  • Topicals: 295 milligrams of Delta-9 THC contained in a lotion, patch, ointment, or cream
  • Tinctures and Edibles: 110 milligrams of Delta-9 THC contained in tincture, oil, edible, or capsule
  • Vaporization Oils: 590 milligrams of Delta-9 THC contained in oil for vaporization 

90-day supply and 45-day fill periods:

  • Topicals: 26.55 grams of Delta-9 THC content in creams, lotions, patches, or ointments
  • Edibles and Tinctures: 9.9 grams of Delta-9 THC content in tincture, capsule, oil, or edible form
  • Vaporization Oils: 53.1 grams of Delta-9 THC content in medical marijuana oil for vaporization

Hemp-derived products containing Delta-9 THC making up no more than 0.3% are legal and may also be purchased in Ohio. Medical marijuana patients can buy Delta-9 THC products from approved medical marijuana dispensaries, while hemp-derived THC products are available from online stores and head shops, vape shops, and natural health outlets in the state.

What is Delta-10 THC?

Delta-10 occurs naturally in trace amounts in cannabis but can be challenging to extract. Typically, it is found in the flowers of the hemp plant and is made in a manner similar to how Delta-8 THC is synthesized. Upon extracting THC from the hemp plant, Delta-10 THC is isolated and made into a distillate. Delta-10 THC is less potent than Delta-8 THC and produces milder psychoactive effects on users. Delta-10 THC products are available in gummies, tinctures, disposables, and cartridges and can last between 5-30 days in the body, depending on the frequency of use. Compared to Delta-8 THC, which is more sedating, anecdotal evidence suggests Delta-10 THC energizes its users.

Is Delta-10 THC Legal in Ohio?

Since Delta-10 THC is synthesized from the hemp plant, it is legal in Ohio pursuant to SB 57 and the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp and its derivatives in Ohio and the United States as long such products do not contain more than 0.3% Delta-9 THC. Delta-10 THC products can be ordered online and purchased locally from hemp shops.

 

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Ohio Delta THC Overview